Manuel Espinosa Batista
Espinosa Batista was born in Cartagena, Colombia on September 12, 1857. He was a businessman who was part of a secret plan to achieve Panama's independence from Colombia. He served in several political positions: adviser of the Provisional Government Junta, member of the Provisional Government Junta, and president of the Republic of Panama (1903).
He was an honest man, with great social, economic, and political influence who brought this influence to the Junta. He became a member of the Junta at the time Panama needed his help the most: when it was obvious that the Colombian Senate would not approve the Herran-Hay Treaty, leading Panama toward its final disaster. With Colombia's refusal to sign this treaty, Panama's possible progress originating from the construction of an interoceanic canal through the Isthmus would never become a reality.
Manuel Espinosa Batista replaced Pablo Arosemena, who had traveled to Washington to negotiate a treaty for the construction of the canal, as principal member of the Provisional Government Junta.
Thanks to leaders such as Manuel Espinosa Batista, Panama achieved its
independence from Colombia and The Panama Canal Treaty was signed in Washington
on November 18, 1903. Espinosa Batista passed away in Panama City on November